Article 3 of ICERD enshrines the obligation that “States Parties particularly condemn racial segregation and apartheid and undertake to prevent, prohibit and eradicate all practices of this nature in territories under their jurisdiction.”
Nonetheless, Israel has maintained an institutionalised regime of racial domination and oppression over the Palestinian people as a whole, which amounts to apartheid.
In 2007 and 2012, CERD found that Israel is in violation of Article 3 of the Convention and urged the State party to take immediate measures to prohibit and eradicate any policies or practices of racial segregation and apartheid.
In 2017, UN ESCWA found that Israel’s strategic fragmentation of the Palestinian people constitutes the main tool through which it carries out its apartheid regime.
These developments constitute a cumulative recognition of Israel’s creation and maintenance of an apartheid regime over the Palestinian people.