The Israeli Occupation Forces (IOF) continue to systematically commit violations of international human rights law (IHRL) and international humanitarian law (IHL) against the population of the Gaza Strip.
The IOF kills, arrests, and attacks civilians without any effective intervention from the international community, particularly the High Contracting Parties to the Fourth Geneva Convention.
As part of its efforts to protect human rights principles, the Al Mezan Center for Human Rights continues to monitor and document Israeli violations against Palestinians in order to bring the perpetrators to justice and provide redress for the victims.
This report summarizes IOF violations in areas near the borders (the Access-Restricted Areas (ARA) or the so-called “buffer zone”) and against fishermen in the Gazan sea or near the maritime borders.
It also covers movement of patients via the Erez crossing, including the suffering they are subjected to and cases of arrests at the crossing.
The ARA is more than one kilometer wide and extends along the northern and eastern borders of the Gaza Strip.
This report documents IOF abuses in these border areas against residents, farmers, peaceful demonstrators who gather weekly to protest the buffer zone, rubble collectors, bird hunters, shepherds, and wood collectors.
The report also details the ongoing Israeli attacks against Palestinian fishermen.
The IOF prevents fishermen from working by various means and tactics, in flagrant violation of IHL and human rights principles.
Israel has imposed restrictions prohibiting fishing more than three nautical miles off the coast of the Strip.
It is common for the IOF navy to open fire on fishermen, pursue them in Gazan waters, and destroy and confiscate their equipment, including their nets and boats.
This report also covers the situation of patients on their way to hospitals in the West Bank, East Jerusalem, or Israel via the Erez crossing, summarizing their movements, and describing the suffering of Palestinian patients and their subjection to inhumane treatment and interrogation by Israel.
It also highlights Israeli control over the number of patients who are allowed to travel via Erez.
Al Mezan documents the number of patients whose permission to travel via Erez is denied or delayed by Israeli authorities.
The report covers the period beginning in January and ending March 2012, and is supported with numbers and statistics.